At an altitude of 370 meters above sea level in the plain of central Sri Lanka, there is a rocky plateau known as Sigiriya
. At the top of the rock are the ruins of the palace of King Kassapa I, who lived in the 5th century, and surrounded by gardens and fountains.
As reported by the Lankan ancient chronicles, well preserved to this day, before and after the reign of King Kassapa, Buddhist monks settled on a rock.
But before the rock was inhabited by monks-hermits, the rock had a rather rich history. In the last quarter of the 5th century AD e. in Lanka, a king was ruled by the name of Dhatusena. The ruler was concerned that the crops were generous, and the food was enough for all subjects. Thus, the ruler improved the existing irrigation system. At his command on the island built a lot of reservoirs and canals.
Virgin forest cover and World Heritage Site — Sinharaja Rain Forest
in Sri Lanka
is a tropical forest that is located in the southwestern part of the island and covers an area of 11.187 hectares. Sinharaja borders on 3 areas of the island, namely with the counties of Galle
, Matara and Ratnapura
. The array of Rakwana with its mountain ranges is part of the area covered by the rain forest of Sinharaja
There are several interesting facts about the origin of the Sinharaja rainforest
in Sri Lanka
The Adam's Peak
(in Sanskrit: Sri Pada, in Sinhala
: Siri Pada) is located in the Ratnapura area
. However, you can get here from Hatton
, Maskeliya and Dickoya. This peak is on the edge of the central mountain range.
The book on the sixth voyage of Sinbad about Sri Pada is written here as a fairy legend: «Now the island of Serendib
(the old Arabic name of Sri Lanka) is under the celestial equator, night and day here are equal to twelve o'clock… The mountain is visible from a distance of three days, and it contains many rubies and other minerals, and spice trees of all kinds. I climbed that mountain for the purpose of her miracles, which are indescribable, and afterwards I returned to the King.»
was the capital of Sinhalese kings from 1592 to 1815, fortified on the terrain by mountains. Due to the complexity of the approach to Kandy
, the kingdom managed to escape capture by the colonizers from Holland and Portugal, as well as the British until 1815. Now the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in part because of the Temple of the Tooth of Buddha — Sri Dalada Maligawa
Sri Dalada Maligawa
was built in the royal palace complex, which houses one of the two surviving relics of the Buddha's Teeth, an object of Buddhist veneration. The rest of the tooth is believed to have been immured in Somawati Chetiya's stupa. Sri Dalada Maligawa
in Kandy is revered not only by Sri Lankan believers, but also by Buddhists around the world.
Only few people know (or maybe it's good? Places are not trampled!), that Southern Province
of Sri Lanka
, in particular, the site from Tangalle to Hambantota
is a real land of miracles and a truly cradle of civilization. What are only excavations of archaeologists in the region of Ambalantota
cost, where the most ancient remains of humans on the Earth are found.
The wonders of the Hambantota Area
do not end there. Approximately 20 minutes from Kahandamodara
, the location place of Lankarus
, there is one more unique place.