Peradeniya Royal Botanical Gardens
is located about 5 and a half kilometers west of the city of Kandy
in the central province of Sri Lanka in the town of Peradeniya
and attracts 2 million visitors a year. The collection of plants here includes more than 4000 species, including orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palms. In addition to everything this Botanical Garden
is also the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka. It is managed by the Department of National Botanic Gardens, Department of Agriculture.
is a city of immense historical significance that has experienced various periods in its development. The story of Polonnaruwa and Anuradhapura
can also be seen as a history of kingdoms that evolved in parallel with the Greek and Roman civilizations. Polonnaruwa today is a World Cultural Heritage site.
Approximately 4,500 years ago, the country of Lanka was governed by the sage Pulasti — the creator of the traditional medical system "Ayurveda
", he was the grandfather of the great king of Ravana, who brought Lanka maximum flourishing at that time. Ravana also created a separate highly developed civilization and managed the ten kingdoms of the world at the same time. During the reign of Sage Pulasti, the capital of Lanka was named in honor of his name Pulastipura («Pulasti» — the name of the ruler, «pura» — the city). Over time, the city's name was reborn in Polonnaruwa. In historical times Polonnaruwa has always remained one of the main cities of Lanka and even in that period when Anuradhapura
was the capital of the island, Polonnaruwa remained the second largest and most important city of Lanka.
Ships and cargo ships go from Europe, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula to the Indian southern and eastern ports, such as Chennai and Kolkata, skirting Sri Lanka
, which takes about 30 hours on the road and an extra 800 kilometers. The reason for this is the Rama's Bridge (Raam Sethu), blocking the way from the Manar Bay to the Polk Strait. In 1850, English commander Taylor proposed to pass through the bridge of Rama the canal. In 1955, President Jawaharlal Nehru had the same plan. The Government of India at the Supreme Court stated at the time that there was no historical evidence for the construction of the bridge by King Rama, but the sacred places of its own people were unethical to destroy, so the project died down.
is a Buddhist cave temple, located near the village of Ridigama
, which is 19 km away. to the north-east of Kurunegala — the administrative center of the North-Western Province.
The Ridi Vihara complex consists of two objects: located near the high rock of buildings and cave temples — actually Ridi Vihara, and located slightly in the side of the low rock hill Sarasum Gala with a stupa and ancient cave cells.
The history of the Ridi Vihara dates back to the 2nd century BC, as evidenced by the rock carvings found here, made with ancient Brahmi letters.
The name of the village verbatim from Sinhalese
means «Silver Village» (Ridi — «silver» + Gama «village»), and the names of the temple complex, as «Silver Temple» (Ridi + Vihara), which is associated with the legend of the miraculous discovery of a deposit of silver. The description of this story is given in the Sinhala «Great Chronicle» — Mahavamsa.
At an altitude of 370 meters above sea level in the plain of central Sri Lanka, there is a rocky plateau known as Sigiriya
. At the top of the rock are the ruins of the palace of King Kassapa I, who lived in the 5th century, and surrounded by gardens and fountains.
As reported by the Lankan ancient chronicles, well preserved to this day, before and after the reign of King Kassapa, Buddhist monks settled on a rock.
But before the rock was inhabited by monks-hermits, the rock had a rather rich history. In the last quarter of the 5th century AD e. in Lanka, a king was ruled by the name of Dhatusena. The ruler was concerned that the crops were generous, and the food was enough for all subjects. Thus, the ruler improved the existing irrigation system. At his command on the island built a lot of reservoirs and canals.