The Colombo Museum
, as it was called at the beginning, was created on January 1, 1877. Its founder is Sir William Henry Gregory, the British governor of Ceylon at the time. The Royal Asian Society played an important role in attracting Gregory to his appointment as governor in 1872. And the need for a public museum with great difficulty went through the approval of the legislative council for a year. The architect of the Department of Public Works JG Smither was able to prepare a plan for a new structure in the Italian architectural style. The construction was completed in 1876, and the museum began operating in the following year. The authorities of the museum have taken various steps to display the country's cultural and natural heritage in the collection of exhibits.
: Dambulla Len Viharaya), also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla
, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site at Sri Lanka
since 1991. The temple is located in the central part of the country. This city is located 148 kilometers east of Colombo
and 72 kilometers north of Kandy
This is the largest and best preserved temple cave complex in Sri Lanka. Rock complex
rises to 160 m above the surrounding plain. In total there are 80 caves in the vicinity. The main attractions are located in five caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are associated with the images of Gautama Buddha and his life.
The richest and unique history of Sri Lanka
of the era of colonial conquest by Europeans is inseparable from the numerous forts that were built here by the Portuguese, then by the Dutch, and finally by the British. Any itinerary of a traveler on the island is inextricably linked to visiting at least one of these historical heritage of the country. Traveling to Sri Lanka
without visiting the forts really seems incomplete, and even not to visit at least one of these stone witnesses of history is simply impossible. The concentration of forts in Sri Lanka in comparison with its territory is so great that our country can be attributed to states with one of the most numerous forts in the world.
Hakgala Botanical Garden
is situated on the main road stretch between Nuwara Eliya
and Badulla, about 10 km. from Nuwara Eliya
. The garden was laid in 1861 with the goal of an agronomic experiment to introduce and promote the cultivation of cinchona in Sri Lanka. Initially, the garden of Hakgala was intended for the cultivation of only plants chinchona, from the bark of which were obtained quinine, known as an excellent antipyretic. Quinine was then widely used in the treatment of malaria. Perhaps this was the reason for the popularity of the tonic in these parts — quinine was an important component of tonic water. However, after tea replaced the cinchona as the main culture of the island, the botanical garden was turned into an experimental site for growing tea. In 1884, the garden was transformed into a botanical garden, as in addition to tea, many plants were planted here from the zones of the subtropical and temperate climate.
and the art of Sri Lanka should be sought in its remote places, far away from trampled trails. And although in recent years Deep South
of the country is experiencing a real boom in the construction of tourist infrastructure facilities, this is a little influenced the traditional way of life of local residents.
The home region of Lankarus
, as we have repeatedly written, is a rich area, a real fountain for lovers of contrasting landscape and natural recreation in a variety of landscapes, ancient monuments, unique microclimate of the semi-dry zone. Traveling to Ruhuna
is possible year-round: this area is not subject to pronounced the influence of the south-west and north-east winds. This is a significant advantage for the tourist industry, which continuously receives guests all year round, without looking back at the monsoon rains of other regions of the country. There are almost no precipitations and annual temperature differences, like in the west, east of the island or in its mountainous part. From Tangalle
stretches a unique «Belt of the Sun» where you can enjoy the dazzling rays on the chic equatorial beaches for at least 350 days a year!