Waterfalls of Sri Lanka
in comparison with its size, has the largest number of waterfalls than any other country in the world. The island has more than 400 recorded waterfalls. LCWF is the first organization of the country that has made a consolidated effort in developing a complete list of waterfalls in Sri Lanka. They created a database of 438 waterfalls
in the country! And this is not the limit. The list of new waterfalls to be opened annually is significantly increased. In this sense, Sri Lanka holds, perhaps, the first place on the planet in terms of the number of current and flowing reservoirs, concentrated in a small area.
Distributing the waterfalls locally, by the number of the largest and most visited, you can talk about the following, by areas:
• Colombo — 4 Falls
• Galle — 26 Waterfalls
• Gampaha — 2 Falls
• Hambantota — 2 Falls
• Kalutara — 25 Waterfalls
• Kandy — 28 Waterfalls
• Kegalle — 53 Falls
• Kurunegala — 1 Waterfall
• Matale — 29 Waterfalls
• Matara — 15 Waterfalls
• Monaragala — 7 Waterfalls
• Nuwara Eliya — 83 Falls
• Ratnapura — 115 Waterfalls
• Badulla — 44 Falls
Saint Clair Falls (Little Niagara of Sri Lanka)
The waterfall of St. Clair is one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka (Bombura Ella in Welimada is the widest). The waterfall of Saint Clair is called Little Niagara of Sri Lanka. It is located 3 km. west of the city of Talawakele on the highway Hatton-Talawakeke in Nuwara Eliya district. The waterfall got its name from the nearby tea plantation. Falling from 80 meters high, this is the 20th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. The St. Clair Waterfall includes two cascades called Maha Ella (Sinhala: Big Waterfall) and Kuda Ella, (Small Waterfall), which is 50 meters high and was created by the tributary of the Kotmale Oya River. The flood is under threat from the construction of a dam on the Kotmale River. But the government provides a project to control the existence of the waterfall.
Known among the people as Ravana Ella, the waterfall is a popular attraction of Sri Lanka. It is now considered one of the widest waterfalls in the country. This waterfall is approximately 25 meters high and has a cascade of oval shape, concave into the rock. During the wet season, the waterfall turns into a stormy and rumbling pond, and in the dry season the water flow decreases very sharply. Waterfalls are part of the Wildlife Conservation Area of Ravana Ella, and is located 2 km away. from the railway station Ella
. The waterfall is named after the legendary Hindu character of Ravana from the famous Indian Ramayana. According to legend, Ravana, who was king of Sri Lanka at that time, kidnapped the Princess Sita, and hid it in caves behind this waterfall, now known as the caves of Ravana Ella. At that time, the cave was surrounded by dense forests. It is believed that Rama's wife bathed in the pool of the waterfall, being in captivity near Ravana.
Taliya Wetuna Ella
50-meter waterfall Taliya Wetuna Ella is located in the estate of Alakola in the ridge of mountains in the Kandy
district. The waterfall is formed in the tributary of the Hulu Ganga River in the brass knuckle. The name Alakola has an interesting history. Once this area was in the possession of the planter Allen Collin at the time of British rule. Cutting the name and surname of the landowner, the locals so called the waterfall that was in his estate. The road to the estate is located in front of the bridge across the river Hulu Ganga. From here you will find a footpath leading to the basin of Thaliya Wetuna Ella. There are also 4 more waterfalls in this area that you can visit in one trip.
Sapugaharoda Ella (Ranmale Biso Ella)
Waterfalls are located in the Hambantota area. The sources of this 12 meter high waterfall in autumn are the streams flowing down the Ranmale mountain ridge. Water flows from the Warapitiya reservoir, and then to the Kirma River. During the dry season, the stream is sluggish, but when the rains come, the cascades are simply gorgeous. Tea plantations and other crops in Rammale and Wadule bear heavy losses, placing the existence of a waterfall at risk of drying out. The waterfall is located next to the Sithamgalla temple, Hambantota
. The waterfall can be found between Hulakande and Kirima.
Patawala Patana Diya Ella
Patana Dola in Pitawala Patana has 2 waterfalls, relatively unknown and rarely visited due to a hard-to-reach place in Matale district. But the height of the waterfalls is striking — over 75 meters. The mountain range resembles knuckles and consists of 35 peaks that rise above 900 meters. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), this place is a rare type of pasture that has developed in response to specific environmental circumstances of the area, and such unique places you will not find anywhere else in the country. Half-evergreen forests surround the pastures. The Pitawala waterfall Patana Ella No. 1 lies deep in the jungle. It is about 75 meters high. To get to the waterfall, you must hike through the abandoned village of Patana Gama, where there are now only 2 houses. This abandoned village was found in the 1960s and 1970s when settlers who worked in the local project lived there. Pitawala Patana Ella No. 2 lies about 150 meters below the site of the fall of the first waterfall at Patana Dola and falls into a cascade above the protruding rocks, creating a wider waterfall and giving it a hazy appearance.
The charming Katapola Ella waterfall is 54 meters high and is located in the village of Katapola, on the outskirts of Matara. Access to this waterfall is 4 km. from Katapola to Urubokka side. Hydroelectric power stations are also generated from this waterfall. After you reach the bridge in the Kosmodara area on the Katapola-Urubokka road, you need to walk about 750 meters towards Mugunumulla to reach the waterfall. Despite the beauty of Katapola Ella, only a few tourists visit this place because of the lack of awareness of this attraction. Because of the abstraction of water for the needs of the hydroelectric power station above the fall, the water level in the waterfall has decreased.
Hathmale Ella — Deniyaya
The source of the fall is the mountain range of Denigyaya Gongala and the stream of the Ginganga river towards Pallegama. The Hathmale waterfall is 45 meters high and 10 meters wide. This is the highest waterfall of the Ginganga River and is divided into seven segments. The waterfall is popular with local and foreign visitors, although, unfortunately, its popularity has had a negative impact on the environment. Plastic and polyethylene garbage tourists throw on the spot. The Hatmale waterfall is about 8 km away. from Deniyaya town.
Duwili Ella — Kaltota, Balangoda
Ella's breeze is a wondrous creation of nature, cascades fall from a height of about 63 feet. It is located about 4 km. from Balangoda from Tenjantenna, a little lower. This waterfall is also called Walawa Ganga, because it is close to the Walawa Ganga River. Waterfall is described as one of the most unusual in Sri Lanka. Powerful, short, old, broken and not so widely known. Visitors can watch a waterfall that falls from a wide cliff 40 meters down in the fog of water. This is the most fantastic view in the area, because unlike other waterfalls, what you will see is a misty cascade of drops in a clear veil of flickering light. Duwili Ella is divided into two parts, and, going down, forms a pool, the depth or size of which no one knew 50 years ago. Drops of water, like the dust emanating from the splashes gave the name of the waterfall, from the Sinhalese «duwili» means «dust.» This waterfall and its natural beauty is a true paradise that attracts tourists from all over the world.
Dunhinda is the most attractive waterfall in Sri Lanka. This huge waterfall is situated in Badulla
area. It originates from the river Uma Oya. The waterfall is located on the road Badulla — Mahiyanganaya, and is 1 km away. from the main road. You must follow this path by foot. This is a good experience for everyone, because you will see the beauty of the nature of Sri Lanka. When you just start hiking, you can see a small waterfall, called Punchi Dunhinda on the lower side of the river. It really is one of the best and attractive waterfalls of Sri Lanka. He has his own beauty, which enchants not only the eyes, but the mind.
Diyamula is also a very beautiful waterfall. It is located in the Koslanda area, between Beragala and Wellawa. Beragala is a transport junction of the main road Badulla
— Colombo. This is the third highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. It is about 171 meters in height. You can reach the Diyamula waterfall very easily, because it is near the main road. Many people say that this is the most beautiful waterfall in Sri Lanka. The reason for this, most likely, is that its height is amazing and the waterfall produces a lot of water for local needs. And when the water falls from such a height, it breaks its own jet, which gives the spectacle incredible beauty. This is just one of the reasons why so many visitors are attracted to the waterfall.
Bopath Ella is the most beautiful waterfall in the region of Ratnapura
. It is located in the village of Agalawatta in Ratnapura. The waterfall is located along the road Colombo — Ratnapura, only about 2 km. from the main road. The distance from Colombo is about 85 km. Bopath Ella is Sri Lanka's most famous waterfall, as it is associated with a lot of old and ancient stories. The waterfall got its name Bopath because of the shape of the waterfall, like a leaf of a Bo tree. The reason the waterfall has a rich recorded history is that it is just a short way along the way to Sri Pada / Adam's Peak
Bomburu Ella — Welimada
Bomburu Ella, also known as Perawella Falls, is a waterfall in the area of Uva-Paranagama. It is located near the border of two regions Nuwara Eliya
, about 15 km away. from Welimada town. Bomburu Ella is the widest waterfall in Sri Lanka and consists of several small waterfalls grouped together. The source of the waterfall is the lake, which is located in the central highlands of Sri Lanka. The waterfall is located at a great distance from the main road, and you have to walk up to it.
Bambarakanda — Kalupahana
The Bambarakanda waterfall (also known as the Bambarakele Falls) is the highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. At a height of 263 meters, it occupies the 299th line of the highest waterfalls in the world. Located in Kalupahana in Badulla
area, this waterfall is directly visible from the A4 highway. The waterfall is formed by Kuda Oya river, a tributary of the Walawa River. The Bambarakanda waterfall is located in a picturesque pine forest. In this case, the waterfall has a vertical drop of about 800 feet. There are restrictions on the installation of tents in this area, but you can set a very small tent if you are planning to stay here for the night. Constant gusts of wind from the waterfall make the installation of the tent a difficult task. There is a small water pool at the top. On the one hand, the pool borders on an abyss. This is the point above the waterfall, which is only visible if you look at it from a higher altitude or from a helicopter. You should go either to Gonamolli Kanda or to Wangedigala to view the full panorama from above.
Impressive 98 meter hight waterfall of Ebardin forms part of the river Kehelgamuwa and joins the Maskeli River on the Kugalala site before flowing into the ocean across the Kelani Ganga River. Unfortunately, the Norton dam, built according to Lakshapan's design, reduced the volume of water in the waterfall, but the cascade is still simply delicious to view. According to legend, there is a tunnel leading from Ebardin Ella to the nearby Lakshapan Ella waterfall — the supposed entrance to the tunnel can be seen next to the Puna River. The Ebardin Waterfall is 6 km away. from Nuwara Eliya
near the Kehelgamuwa mountain range. This ridge covers the Ginigathena Square, Norton Bridge, Lakshapana and Maskeliya.
Actualy any of the waterfalls is strongly recommended for a visit during your stay in Sri Lanka
, after all without such wonders of nature, your idea of the diversity and uniqueness of the country's landscapes will be far from complete. Consult your Lankarus
manager about the possibilities of visiting a particular waterfall on your tourist itinerary.
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